Acta Kinesiologica https://akinesiologica.com/ojs_3.3.0-7/index.php/akinesiologica <p>Acta Kinesiologica Journal (AK) is an international peer-reviewed journal that examines practical and research aspects of Sport Physiology, Sport Psychology, Sport Pedagogy, Sport Traumatology and Sport Performance. The editorial mission of AK is to advance the knowledge of Sport and Exercise Physiologists, Sport Scientists, Sport Physicians, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine and Sport-Performance researchers. The journal promotes the publication of research in Sport Physiology and related disciplines that has direct practical application to enhancing Sport Performance and Public Health. The journal publishes original research, brief reports, Invited Commentary / Technical Note, Systematic Review - Meta Analysis, and Letter to the Editor. The intended breadth of AK includes team sports, individual sports, performance aspects of environmental physiology, applied sport nutrition, strength and conditioning, biomedical science, and applications of sport technology. Controlled experimental and observational research of a comprehensive or systematic nature is welcome, provided that appropriate standards of scientific methodology and analysis are met. The journal will be of interest to Sport Scientists, Sport Psychologist, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Sport Physicians, Coaches, Academic Researchers, Students, and related professionals.</p> Association of Physical Education and Health Educators Ljubuški, Teskera bb, Ljubuški, BiH, OIB: 48129454752 (Publisher 1) and SPK CAF - European Institute for Talents, Education Research and Development OIB: 16215452598, M. Krleže 12, 21000 Split, Croatia (Publisher 2) en-US Acta Kinesiologica 1840-2976 The Prevalence of relative age effect in Youth Olympic Games: implications for talent identification and development in basketball https://akinesiologica.com/ojs_3.3.0-7/index.php/akinesiologica/article/view/160 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The Relative Age Effect (RAE) and Constituent Year Effect (CYE) is increasingly recognized as a significant concern<br />in youth sports, especially in basketball where physical traits such as height, arm span, and leg length are emphasized. This<br />focus often eclipses the critical role of age-related variations in talent scouting processes. This study aims to explore the<br />presence and impact of CYE in basketball, with a specific focus on the Youth Olympic Games (YOG).<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> Utilizing statistical analysis, primarily the Chi-square test and Cramer's V, this research examines the occurrence<br />of CYE among basketball players at the YOG.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The findings decisively confirm the existence of CYE in youth basketball (P= .000, χ2= 51.593, df= 2, Cramer's V=<br />.403). Results of male (χ2 = 29.342, Cramer's V: .431) and female χ2 =23.43, Cramer's V: .383) also subsample suggest a<br />significant skew in player selection based on birth year, with a large effect size in both cases. A notable discovery is the<br />disproportionate number of athletes born in 2000, who are 19 times more common than those born in 2002, indicating a<br />significant age-related skew in player selection. This indicates a strong association between birth year and player selection<br />in the context of the YOG for both genders.<br /><strong>Conclusions:</strong> CYE's prevalence in youth basketball could detrimentally impact athletes' development and teams' overall<br />performance. The research emphasizes the need for a more equitable and balanced approach in athlete selection. The paper<br />proposes practical steps to reduce CYE in basketball, such as narrowing age categories or establishing smaller, more precise<br />age groups to ensure fairer competition and more accurate talent identification.</p> Drazen Čular Alen Miletic Matej Babic Copyright (c) 2024 Acta Kinesiologica 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 18 1 4 8