Tenocytes do not just lie in a vacuum: the role of lipids, glycemic metabolism and thyroid hormones in tendinopathy and tendon rupture. A narrative review

Alessio Giai Via – a, Giuseppe Discalzo – b, Gennaro Pipino – c, Francesco Oliva – d, Francesco
Cuozzo – e, Emanuela Marsilio – f , Nicola Maffulli – g

a Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma surgery, San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital,
b Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Circolo e Fondazione Macchi Hospital
c Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma surgery, Villa Erbosa Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
d Department of Human Sciences and Promotion of the Quality of Life, San Raffaele Roma Open University
eDepartment of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno
f Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno
g Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza,. Queen Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and
Dentistry, Center for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Mile End Hospital, 275 Bancroft Road,
London E1 4DG, England